La tarifa ya asciende a 1.241 IRR por kWh (0,094 euros por kWh), lo que supone duplicar los 620 IRR por kWh establecidos anteriormente (0,047 euros por kWh). La Agencia de Energías Renovables de Irán tiene la obligación de comprar toda la energía producida por los aerogeneradores al precio establecido.
La tarifa, fija durante los primeros veinte años de vida de las nuevas plantas, es similar a la de otros mercados. La máxima retribución en España para los parques nuevos (incluyendo los incentivos adicionales al precio de la energía en el mercado eléctrico) es de 0,087 euros kWh, si bien los parques instalados antes del uno de enero de 2008 recibieron 0,106 euros por kWh como media el año pasado.
La Agencia de Energías Renovables de Irán ya ha suscrito acuerdos de compraventa de energía eólica que suman 420 MW y estudia otros acuerdos que suman 650 MW.
Wind power in Iran
Wind power in Iran has been experiencing a growth in wind generation in recent years, and has a plan to substantially increase wind generation each year. Iran is the sole center producing wind turbines in the Middle East.
In 2006, Iran generated 45 megawatts of electricity from wind power (ranked 30th in the world). This was a 40% increase over 32 megawatts in 2005. Total wind generation in 2004 was 25 megawatts out of 33,000 megawatts total electrical generation capacity for the country. In 2008, Iran’s wind power plants in Manjil (in Gilan province) and Binaloud (in Khorasan Razavi province) produce 128,000 megawatts of electricity per year. Iran is a member of the Global Wind Energy Council.
The government of Iran has recently approved to increase the purchase tariff for electricity generated by renewable energies from an average of 620 rial (6.3 USD cents) per Kwh to 1241 rial (12.65 USD cents), a hundred percent increase. In addition, during last few years, Iran’s Ministry of Power has made considerable strides to develop the necessary legal and financial infrastructures required for growth in wind power sector in Iran. The combination of these two major factors along with many other advantage points found has drastically improved the prospects for investment in this field.
The electricity is purchased through a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) signed with Iran Renewable Energy Organization (IREO) which is the executive arm of Ministry of Power, for a 20-year period under Take or Pay scheme backed by Letter of Credit. Current imbalance in supply and demand for electricity in Iran has led to occasional blackouts in some parts of the country during recent times. Considering the importance of electricity in the economy and daily life, the government has given top priority to power generation projects.
All foreign investments in Iran are covered by Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Act which provides the investors with protection against political risks.
Mankind considered the use of wind energy from a long time ago. Considering the advances made in the construction of wind turbines and the resulting drop in the cost of electricity production, this energy has been mentioned as one of the most suitable renewable energy resources for the production of electricity. Geographically, Iran is situated in the route of the world’s main wind currents.
This is why the Energy Ministry is implementing projects to develop and organize the management and supervision of renewable energies. Some of the most important projects being implemented in the country in the field of wind energy are the Manjil and Paskulan, Rudbar, Harzovil, Siyahpush, and Binalud wind power plants. In addition the country’s wind atlas is being drawn up and a 60-MW wind power plant is being constructed.